To induce element of pro action in otherwise reactive OODA Cycle
OODA cycle starts with observation of the changes in situation and circumstances, followed by orientation as to what has happened and where one stands in respect of the changed situation , decide a course of action and finally act . Right after action has been performed, new cycle starts. As per Loyds , the key to win lies in being able to complete the loop faster than the opponent with better quality decisions.
Due to the fact that the loop starts with observation and waiting for the opponent to act , Loyds has made it conceptually a non proactive model which is reactive in nature by design.
It is recommended that the loop should start with ANTICIPATION there by making it an AOODA loop. Before opponent has acted and one begins with the process of orientation, one must anticipate various possible outcomes in order of probability with solutions to the same. Anticipation by a leder worth his salt will be somewhere around 70 – 80 % similar to what eventually happens on ground . Incorporation of Anticipation will put the leader in better decision making position due to following advantages
- Leader will be better prepared with possible outcomes and well deliberated solutions to the same
- Time taken in orientation will reduce by 70%( Most important , considering the fact that completing the loop faster than opponent is the ultimate aim of the whole process)
- Decisions will of better quality as it will be a well thought of and analyzed decision and not a real time one as was in the OODA loop. As a result the leader will complete the loop much faster than earlier and that too with much better analyzed decisions.
It is noteworthy that the primary task of a Leader at all level and in all org are only two. Firstly , to motivate , inspire and ensure effective training . Secondly to derive most efficient course of action by employing his ability to read the situation , anticipate with his experience , and take most appropriate decision to extract maximum output with minimum efforts and resources. The same is also true in AOODA loop. In the complete decision making model, the stages where quality of leader will affect the quality of outcome is Anticipation and Decision. These are the only two "thinking oriented " functions of the entire process . Rest three steps are a matter of execution for a well trained team.
In the picture , followers and executioners see seeds in the apple , a strategic leader, however , is the one who is able to see apples in those seeds. AOODA cycle will motivate leaders at all level to develop this habit and play their role of a Decision Maker more efficiently and effectively.